c. The trial was therefore inconclusive, but the “Scopes Monkey Trial” was presented to the world by sarcastic journalist H.L. Darwin wrote: “If it could be demonstrated that any complex organ existed which could not possibly have been formed by numerous, successive, slight modifications, my theory would absolutely break down.” Professor Richard Goldschmidt, a geneticist at the University of California at Berkley, listed a series of complex structures (from the hair of mammals to hemoglobin) he thought could not have been produced by thousands of years of small mutations. Any basis for dogmatic assurance concerning exactly what is meant by the days of this chapter has eluded us; and we therefore leave it as one of the "secret things which belong unto Jehovah our God" (Deuteronomy 29:29). And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.". In our day, many say there is no real difference between men and women. It is INSPIRATION, a revelation from Almighty God Himself; and the highest and best intelligence of all ages has so received and accepted it. And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called the Seas: and God saw that it was good.". The apostle Paul referred to the entire present dispensation of the grace of God as "the DAY of salvation" (2 Corinthians 6:2). Click on the different category headings to find out more. The simple meaning of the verse is that here Scripture informs you that they were both created on the sixth [day], but it does not explain to you how they were created, and it explains [that] to you elsewhere. And God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them. "And God said, Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear; and it was so. "In the image of God ... male and female created he them ..." This means that woman also is made in the image of God. The intention of Almighty God in the creation of man is revealed to have been the placement of man over the earth and all that is in it, an intention frustrated in part by man's rebellion in Eden, but finally realized despite all hindrances and delays in the era of the "new heavens and the new earth." In the 1920’s, a former substitute teacher in a Tennessee school volunteered to be the defendant in a case meant to challenge a state law prohibiting the teaching of evolution in the public schools. passage in Hebrews 4:4-6ff: Without any doubt whatever, the last of the passage cited above denominates all of the period of time following the sixth day of creation and reaching all the way to the final Judgment as "the seventh day." The intent of the creation story is not to give a lesson in physics or biology, but a lesson in the theological order of things. The teeming myriads of earth's creatures, including man, are all here as a result of the creative and active will of the eternal God Himself. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. The sacred account before us is the only intelligent answer as to the reason for our earth's existence as it is. For the preposterous and irresponsible fulminations of critical enemies of the Bible, and their utter futility and incompetence to cast any believable shadow upon the sacred truth here revealed, reference is made to the Introduction to Genesis elsewhere. "In the beginning." Cambridge Bible Commentary on the New … (6-13) God forms the sun, moon, and stars. (1,2) The creation of light. The recurring mention of "after their kind" forbids the notion that various species upon the earth from themselves produced other species. God creates heaven and earth. "One day ..." Significantly, the entire six days of creation are spoken of as a SINGLE DAY in Genesis 2:4, "In the day that Jehovah God made earth and heaven." "And God said, Let us ..." The plural word [~'Elohiym] is used here; and the most logical understanding of it is that of seeing in it a foreshadowing of the doctrine of the Trinity revealed ages afterward in the N.T. Was is not the copula, but the substantive verb existed, and expresses duration of time. “It will hardly be safe to say that the body of man is patterned after God, because God, being an incorporeal spirit, cannot have what we term a material body. Biblical Commentary Genesis 1:1-5 EXEGESIS: GENESIS 1:1—2:4a. Mencken, Broadway, and Hollywood, and was a huge public relations triumph for Darwinism. Men should marvel indeed at this creation, when it is remembered that millions and billions of tons of water are constantly suspended in the atmosphere in the form of clouds; and of course being much heavier than the atmosphere, only an act of creation could have accomplished such a thing. It certainly did not require any twenty-four hours for God to say, "Let there be light", and our understanding that God's creation was by fiat, that He spoke the worlds into existence, and that all things appeared instantly upon the Divine word, forbid any notion that Almighty God required a time budget in any of His creative acts. It is the entire kingdom of plant life, or vegetation, that appeared on the third day, not simultaneously with the divisions of the seas and dry land, but in a separate creative act. ", "And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.". It also requires a priesthood, in the form of thousands of researchers, teachers, and artists who provide realistic and imaginative detail and carry the story out to the general public… The scientific priesthood that has authority to interpret the official creation story gains immense cultural influence thereby, which it might lose if the story were called into question. And the earth brought forth grass, herbs, yielding seed after their kind, and trees bearing fruit, wherein is the seed thereof, after their kind; and God saw that it was good. "And there was evening and there was morning, one day ..." This is generally hailed as requiring that the days of Genesis 1 be understood strictly as twenty-four hour periods of time, answering in every way to our days of the week in an ordinary sense, but tremendous words of caution against such a view are thundered from the pages of inspiration. It is not necessary to postulate billions of years between Genesis 1:1 and Genesis 1:2 in order to help God find the time to do all that He did for our earth. "And God saw the light that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness.". a. And there was evening and there was morning, a second day.". Thus, in the very first verse of the Bible there would appear to be embedded embryonically in the very name of God Himself a suggestion: (1) of the Trinitarian conception more fully revealed in the N.T., and (2) also a witness of the unity of the Godhead. A man is absolutely superior at being a man. What possible benefit could there be for the first 39 stages? God's dividing the light from the darkness simply indicates a time previously when they were mingled; and there is no rational understanding on the part of men with reference to that prior state of mingled darkness and light. and supply the defects of it, since the fall, lays down at first this principle of the unclouded light of nature: That this world was, in the beginning of time, created by a Being of infinite wisdom and power, who was himself before all time, and all worlds. God is Spirit (John 4:24). The intelligence of the Supreme Being, His concern with and His interest in the affairs of His creation, and His personal preference for that which is "good" appear as legitimate deductions from what is revealed here. "And God saw the light that it was good." Genesis 1:4 "And God saw the light, that [it was] good: and God divided the light from the darkness." "And, behold, it was very good ..." The goodness and wisdom of God are thus attested by the goodness of his creation. "Thou madest him (man) a little lower than the angels; Thou crownest him with glory and honor, and didst set him over the works of thy hands" (Hebrews 2:5-7). “When outsiders question whether the theory of evolution is as secure as we have been led to believe, we are firmly told that such questions are out of order. i. Additionally, God gave mankind a desire for sex, which would make the populating of the earth quick and likely. Although this verse appears to mean that the separation of light and darkness was the same as creating Day and Night, this meaning is not consistent with the appearance of the sun and moon on the fourth day. Some see it as the Hebrew method of reckoning days from sunset to sunset, concluding therefore that these were ordinary twenty-four hour days. ", "And God divided the light from the darkness ...", "And there was evening and there was morning, one day ...", "And God called the firmament Heaven ...", "Let the waters be gathered together ... unto one place ...", "Let us make man in our image, after our likeness ...", "In the image of God ... male and female created he them ...", "And God blessed them, and said ... Be fruitful and multiply and replenish the earth ...". i. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. The author was not merely collecting ancient stories. The great message of this day is that God created life, there being utterly no other possible source of it. In those days, men worshipped the sun, moon, and stars. This makes sense if we are the result of mindless evolution, but not if it is true that male and female He created them. And, the normal conservative answer that the sun, moon, and stars had been there all the time, obscured by the primeval mists, and that they were made visible by the creative actions of Day 4 is purely speculative and unprovable, such explanations being considered implausible by skeptics. iii. A woman is absolutely superior at being a woman. "In pagan thought the divine stars controlled human destiny. "In the beginning ..." This says nothing at all of when the beginning occurred, but declares emphatically that there was indeed a beginning, a fact which no reputable science on earth has ever denied. Genesis 1-11. Just as the waters and the firmament were in focus there, so are they here. See more on this in my commentary on Hebrews 2. The Bishop of Edinburgh's comment on the above passage from Hebrews is an emphatic statement of what this writer believes the passage means: "From this argument, we must conclude that the seventh day of God's rest, which followed the six days of His work of creation, is not yet completed." (14-19) Animals created. And there was evening and there was morning, a third day.". The more reasonable interpretation, it appears to us, is that of understanding this Day 4 as a record of God's positioning celestial bodies already created on Day 1 in such a manner as to make possible the creation and sustenance of human life on earth. You can also change some of your preferences. Only a fool could deny that it was done! To expound the term "beginning", of Christ, is altogether frivolous. Study Genesis 1 using Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete) to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. “The Darwinists met this fantastic suggestion with savage ridicule. Note that it definitely is NOT said that God made them in this statement of their utility, but that He SET them, or PLACED them. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. a. Genesis 1:1, 2.THE CREATION OF HEAVEN AND EARTH. No matter how far back into the mists of prehistoric time men may postulate the point of origin for our universe, it is precisely THERE that they must confront God, the omnipotent, eternal, all-pervading, omniscient First Cause, known to Christians as the God of the Bible. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. This marvelous chapter is not history, for it provides information concerning events that antedate all history. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. "And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters ..." Significantly, the Third Person of the Godhead appears here alongside God Himself. "And God divided the light from the darkness ..." This statement is enigmatical, and that should not surprise us. ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. There is certainly no impediment to a childlike acceptance of the days of Genesis as ordinary days in exactly the same manner that the first generation to receive this revelation in all probability accepted them, as most of our parents understood them, and as every soul humbled by a consciousness of the phenomenal ignorance of mankind may also find joy in believing and accepting them, fully aware, of course, that there may be, indeed must be, oceans of truth concerning what is revealed here that men shall never know until we see our Savior face to face. The plain and simple implication of the passage is that God created all of the species of life mentioned here simultaneously. Study the bible online using commentary on Genesis 1 and more! You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. Some see it as the Hebrew method of reckoning days from sunset to sunset, concluding therefore that these were ordinary twenty-four hour days. And God saw everything that he had made, and behold, it was very good. Only creation could have changed chaos into order and symmetry. Sermon Bible Commentary. It is vain to wonder if men or women are superior to the other. "And the earth ..." If our understanding of "the heavens" is correct, the earth and all the planets would have to be included also, but the singling out of the earth and its specific designation here would indicate God's special creation of it to be the repository of all life, and of human life particularly. God was pleased with His creation, and so are we! Gen 1:1. (31) Commentary on Genesis 1:1,2 [1] Despite the plurality of this name, it is connected with verbs and adjectives in the singular. But when a man tries to be a woman or a woman tries to be a man, you have something inferior. And God made the two great lights: the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: He made the stars also. We are plainly told God created man fully formed, and created him in one day, not gradually over millions of years of progressive evolution. We do not know who wrote the Book of Genesis. Three classes of institutions are required in human societies to deal with human disease or failure in these three specific areas: penal institutions for gross spiritual failures, hospitals for the diseases or injuries of bones and joints, and psychiatric wards for the mentally deficient. In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. Nothing is more unreasonable and ridiculous than the various hypotheses of evolution. The Story of Creation. "And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days and years: and let them be for lights in the firmament of heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so. Darrow maneuvered Bryan to take the stand as an expert witness on the Bible, and he humiliated Bryan in a devastating cross-examination. It was not merely a beginning of life, or of material things, but a beginning of ALL THINGS. There are serious objections to receiving any of the "explanations" mentioned above. And yet a division among the seas is inherent in the very word "seas" (plural). f. God saw everything that He had made, and indeed it was very good: God’s final analysis of His work of creation is that it was very good. Thus, there is a recapitulation in Day 4 regarding the making of the sun, moon, and stars, the creation of Day 4 being the placement of them. And there was evening and there was morning, one day.". Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. In this sense, it is sin if man does not use this dominion responsibly, in the sense of a proper regard for stewardship on this earth. The idea that a slow, progressive evolution could produce a complex mechanism like the human body just doesn’t hold up. "And God said, Let the waters swarm with swarms of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth in the firmament of heaven. Evolution as a means of getting rid of God is a false crutch indeed! Mars, Venus, Mercury, etc. The parallelism between the last three and the first three days of the creation continues to be visible in the fact that God began the cycle of life by the creation of the vegetable world on Day 3, and here upon Day 4 that cycle is completed in the creation of the larger animals and of mankind (Genesis 1:26-31). For a thousand years in thy sight are but as YESTERDAY when it is past, and as a watch in the night (Psalms 90:4). Commentary on Genesis 1:1-5 View Bible Text . Let there be a firmament — This term, which is an exact translation of the word used by the Septuagint, or Greek translation of the Old Testament, by no means expresses the sense of the word used by Moses, רקיע, rakiang, which merely means extension or expansion. There is also another N.T. If it should be supposed that God launched a waste and void earth upon a journey that required billions of years to accomplish His wise designs, then, God's power in doing a thing like that is one and the same thing as His ability to have spoken the perfect and completed earth into existence instantaneously. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, "And darkness was upon the face of the deep ...", "And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters ...", "And God saw the light that it was good. e. In Our image: This does not mean that God has a physical or human body. The heavens here include the first two and perhaps others of which we do not know. Genesis 1:1. e. To you it shall be for food: God gave man dominion over the whole earth, but only vegetation is specifically mentioned as being for food. But man’s spirit is like God. Verse 26 People are images of God. In the beginning--a period of remote and unknown antiquity, hid in the depths of eternal ages; and so the phrase is used in Proverbs 8:22 Proverbs 8:23. The big thing that appears in this verse is the abundant water supply, one of the principle prerequisites of life in any form. It may have been long ages before God fitted up this world for the abode of man, but it was not self-existent; it was created by God, it sprang from the will and the word of the all-wise Creator. In the new heavens and the new earth, there won’t be any sun or moon. "And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the birds of the heaven, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over everything that creepeth upon the earth. are still waste and void. Suffice it to say here that this chapter contains and presents to human intelligence the ONLY believable account of creation ever to receive the serious attention of thoughtful minds. Without the fiat of Almighty God, the unaided chaos would have become more and more chaotic. Besides, the relationship between sun, moon, and the earth did not appear until the fourth day, and this is the first day. "[11], "And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb yielding seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for food: and to every beast of the earth, and to every bird of the heavens, and to everything that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green herb for food: and it was so. Others connect the words with progression from darkness to light, a movement upward to higher and higher forms of life in the cycle of creation. The air was thus `in the midst of the waters.'"[6]. Sermon Bible Commentary. die Erde aber war wüst und wirr, Finsternis lag über der Urflut und Gottes Geist schwebte über dem … Bryan believed in the Bible, but not literally. There is absolutely nothing either unreasonable or hard to understand about this. The source of that beginning was in the will and the power of the Eternal God. And he wasnot merely recording ancient history. For ages, devout souls have taken exactly that view of them; and no one can prove that they were wrong. The Second Law of Thermodynamics is absolutely irreversible. It is said there would be at least 40 different stages of evolution required to form an eye. "Yielding seed ... after their kind ..." Here is the law that like produces like. * 1 In the beginning, when God created the heavens and the earth a — 2 * and the earth was without form or shape, with darkness over the abyss and a mighty wind sweeping over the waters— b 3 Then God said: Let there be light, and there was light. ] the Spirit here is the amount and the earth quick and likely absolutely at. Man should be translated, `` the average modern man parts company with Genesis being after the.... Cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the new earth, there appears an impassable separating! With verbs and adjectives in the record of previous populations that sometimes alleged. 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